Let’s first define what a migraine is?
A migraine is a disorder that characterized by repeated attacks of a severe headache. A migraine headache is usually causes throbbing or pulsating pain, most often on only one side of the head. It results from a combination of blood vessel enlargement and the release of chemicals from nerve fibers that coil around these blood vessels.
These headaches are mainly associated with nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound and other reasons. They generally last between few hours to few days. Migraine headaches, which are often misdiagnosed as sinus or tension headaches, are severe enough to interfere with sleep, work, and other everyday activities. They may occur as often as several times per week or as rarely as once or twice a year.
A migraine is most common among people age 25 to 55, though it can affect children and teens as well. A migraine is about three times more prevalent in women than men; roughly one in five women and one in 16 men suffer from a migraine.
How can a migraine be diagnosed?
The best way to diagnose a migraine is to consult with your doctor. The physician will look at your medical history and check for the described symptoms in order to diagnose a migraine. It could be several criteria to diagnostics: based on duration, location, pulsating quality pain strength and those caused by physical activity. The doctor will perform tests to determine the origin of a migraine and provide you with the appropriate treatment.
A few tips how you could prevent a migraine
There are some lifestyle alterations that might help you to reduce migraine frequency. This include:
- Getting enough sleep
- Reducing stress
- Drinking plenty of water
- Avoiding certain foods
- Regular physical exercise.
Migraine treatment (abortive therapies) and prevention (prophylactic therapies) focus on avoiding triggers, controlling symptoms and taking medicines.